跨境电商进口告别免税时代?新方案落定,“税额50元以内免征”或成历史

作者: 自贸区邮报
现在行邮税税率的基础上提高三至五成,既有别于目前的行邮税,又有别于一般贸易税,税率水平介于二者之间。

文‖自贸区邮报研究员 方枪枪

跨境电商进口的免税时代,可能很快就会终结。

1月15日,新华社旗下的《经济参考报》报道称,近日从权威渠道获悉, 目前在中国跨境电商进口试点城市中实行的跨境电商进口税收政策将推向全国,相关部门已达成一致,具体政策有望在上半年落地。

跨境电商进口税收政策的调整酝酿已久。

上述报道称,目前财政部、商务部、海关总署等部门,已就税收政策调整方案达成一致,相关方案已经落听: 一是加大对跨境电商的扶持力度,将试点城市的税收政策推向全国,各地都实行统一的税收政策;二是在 现在行邮税税率的基础上提高三至五成 既有别于目前的行邮税,又有别于一般贸易税,税率水平介于二者之间,这样既可以减少差异,又可以鼓励传统进口企业向电商转型,对跨境电商起到促进作用。

中国国际电子商务中心研究院副院长李鸣涛对自贸区邮报分析, 跨境电商进口税率整体上调,是大方向。总的来说,应该还是按照进口商品的品类,分几档税率来征收。

多名消息人士告诉自贸区邮报, 跨境电商进口税负将上调已是板上钉钉,全国制定统一的税收政策也只是时间问题。但在跨境电商进口上是否会新设税种,税负究竟会上调多大幅度,这都有待官方公布。

行邮税缴税额50元以内免征的政策,可能会被取消。 ”两名消息人士如是告诉自贸区邮报。

目前进口跨境电商试点城市实行的行邮税政策,按商品种类分四挡税率——分别是10%、20%、30%、50%。由于行邮税打包了进口环节增值税和关税,整体税率较一般贸易要低,且缴税额50元以下还能免征。

有观点认为,行邮税整体税率较低,不仅会造成试点城市与非试点城市间的不公平,还会造成跨境电商和一般贸易之间的税负不公平。关于行邮税模式导致国家税收流失的说法,也一直存在。

在此背景下,调整跨境电商进口税收政策,早早被提上议事日程。

去年6月发布的《国务院办公厅关于促进跨境电子商务健康快速发展的指导意见》已经提出,要明确规范进出口税收政策。关于跨境电子商务零售进口税收政策,由财政部按照有利于拉动国内消费、公平竞争、促进发展和加强进口税收管理的原则,会同海关总署、税务总局另行制订。

此后跨境电商进口的税收政策制定进入快车道。

今年‘两会’前后应该会有具体进展出来 。”一名消息人士告诉自贸区邮报,征求意见稿已经形成,之前一直在部委、主要企业等征求意见。

李鸣涛认为,跨境电商进口税收政策的调整,对商家不会造成太大影响,“商家最担心的是政策的不确定性,各地政策不一致的话,商家会无所适从。 只要税率确定,商家未来拼的是运营和服务。

当然,对消费者来说,跨境电商进口税负的上升,很可能意味着商品售价的上调。

部分消费者的确有可能因此转向海淘。如果单纯价格取向的话,海淘有优势。 ”李鸣涛认为。

福利——

2016年新年,我们给大家备了份年货。智利帝王蟹领衔的六样进口海鲜,进口商品超市的零售总价是683元,自邮定制年货价为 588元 。点它 看年货包内涵 福利|海鲜年货大礼包开抢:自邮定制立省百元 ;点左下角“ 阅读原文 ”直接下单。

【投稿报料: ftzpost@163.com

【微信搜号码: ftzpost

【查找公众号: 自贸区邮报

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\n \n

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\n \n 文‖自贸区邮报研究员\n \n \n 方枪枪\n \n \n \n

\n

\n \n 跨境电商进口的免税时代,可能很快就会终结。\n \n

\n

\n 1月15日,新华社旗下的《经济参考报》报道称,近日从权威渠道获悉,\n \n 目前在中国跨境电商进口试点城市中实行的跨境电商进口税收政策将推向全国,相关部门已达成一致,具体政策有望在上半年落地。\n \n

\n

\n 跨境电商进口税收政策的调整酝酿已久。\n

\n

\n 上述报道称,目前财政部、商务部、海关总署等部门,已就税收政策调整方案达成一致,相关方案已经落听:\n \n 一是加大对跨境电商的扶持力度,将试点城市的税收政策推向全国,各地都实行统一的税收政策;二是在\n \n \n 现在行邮税税率的基础上提高三至五成\n \n \n ,\n \n \n 既有别于目前的行邮税,又有别于一般贸易税,税率水平介于二者之间,这样既可以减少差异,又可以鼓励传统进口企业向电商转型,对跨境电商起到促进作用。\n \n

\n

\n 中国国际电子商务中心研究院副院长李鸣涛对自贸区邮报分析,\n \n 跨境电商进口税率整体上调,是大方向。总的来说,应该还是按照进口商品的品类,分几档税率来征收。\n \n

\n

\n 多名消息人士告诉自贸区邮报,\n \n 跨境电商进口税负将上调已是板上钉钉,全国制定统一的税收政策也只是时间问题。但在跨境电商进口上是否会新设税种,税负究竟会上调多大幅度,这都有待官方公布。\n \n

\n

\n “\n \n 行邮税缴税额50元以内免征的政策,可能会被取消。\n \n ”两名消息人士如是告诉自贸区邮报。\n

\n

\n 目前进口跨境电商试点城市实行的行邮税政策,按商品种类分四挡税率——分别是10%、20%、30%、50%。由于行邮税打包了进口环节增值税和关税,整体税率较一般贸易要低,且缴税额50元以下还能免征。\n

\n

\n 有观点认为,行邮税整体税率较低,不仅会造成试点城市与非试点城市间的不公平,还会造成跨境电商和一般贸易之间的税负不公平。关于行邮税模式导致国家税收流失的说法,也一直存在。\n

\n

\n 在此背景下,调整跨境电商进口税收政策,早早被提上议事日程。\n

\n

\n 去年6月发布的《国务院办公厅关于促进跨境电子商务健康快速发展的指导意见》已经提出,要明确规范进出口税收政策。关于跨境电子商务零售进口税收政策,由财政部按照有利于拉动国内消费、公平竞争、促进发展和加强进口税收管理的原则,会同海关总署、税务总局另行制订。\n

\n

\n 此后跨境电商进口的税收政策制定进入快车道。\n

\n

\n “\n \n 今年‘两会’前后应该会有具体进展出来\n \n 。”一名消息人士告诉自贸区邮报,征求意见稿已经形成,之前一直在部委、主要企业等征求意见。\n

\n

\n 李鸣涛认为,跨境电商进口税收政策的调整,对商家不会造成太大影响,“商家最担心的是政策的不确定性,各地政策不一致的话,商家会无所适从。\n \n 只要税率确定,商家未来拼的是运营和服务。\n \n ”\n

\n

\n 当然,对消费者来说,跨境电商进口税负的上升,很可能意味着商品售价的上调。\n

\n

\n “\n \n 部分消费者的确有可能因此转向海淘。如果单纯价格取向的话,海淘有优势。\n \n ”李鸣涛认为。\n

\n

\n \n \n 福利——\n \n \n

\n

\n \n 2016年新年,我们给大家备了份年货。智利帝王蟹领衔的六样进口海鲜,进口商品超市的零售总价是683元,自邮定制年货价为\n \n \n \n 588元\n \n \n \n 。点它\n \n 看年货包内涵\n \n :\n \n 福利|海鲜年货大礼包开抢:自邮定制立省百元\n \n ;点左下角“\n \n 阅读原文\n \n ”直接下单。\n \n

\n

\n \n 【投稿报料:\n \n ftzpost@163.com\n \n 】\n \n

\n

\n \n 【微信搜号码:\n \n ftzpost\n \n 】\n \n

\n

\n \n 【查找公众号:\n \n 自贸区邮报\n \n 】\n \n

\n

\n \n

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\n \n \n \n","content_short":"现在行邮税税率的基础上提高三至五成,既有别于目前的行邮税,又有别于一般贸易税,税率水平介于二者之间。","display_time":1452852287,"id":247598,"image_uri":"https://wpimg.wallstcn.com/content_default_54.jpg","is_need_pay":false,"is_priced":false,"is_trial":false,"layout":"wscn-layout","membership_uri":"","next":{"id":228754,"image_uri":"https://wpimg.wallstcn.com/29/0e/b7/20151120150732-6f814c19.jpg","title":"美国经济衰退倒计时?想多了!","url":"https://wallstreetcn.com/articles/228754"},"pageviews":102,"plates":[],"previous":{"id":228753,"image_uri":"https://wpimg.wallstcn.com/e3/95/1d/t.jpg","title":"证监会:目前尚无大股东因股票质押回购业务而平仓","url":"https://wallstreetcn.com/articles/228753"},"related_articles":[{"author":{"avatar":"https://wpimg.wallstcn.com/ivanka_avatar_11.png","display_name":"21世纪经济报道","id":100000398798},"content_short":"根据增值税减税方案,2019年4月1日之后,我国增值税原适用16%税率的,税率调整为13%;原适用10%税率的,税率调整为9%。纳税人购进国内旅客运输服务,其进项税额允许从销项税额中抵扣。","display_time":1553225761,"id":3498718,"image_uri":"https://wpimg.wallstcn.com/ae99f2c0-5c0e-4f2f-abc2-a42e1a5e62c8.jpg","is_in_vip_privilege":false,"is_priced":false,"source_name":"","source_uri":"","title":"增值税减税方案面世:税率从16%降至13% 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